The Thin Line Between Morality & Law
If a person eats meat, then at that place where the majority does not eat, is this person responsible for the punishment? What if someone participates in the protest of a more democratic place, which was banned by the government, was that person right in his case? Is the police justified in killing crime in order to protect innocent lives, where many people consider taking the situation one more life as a mistake?
The above questions examine our fundamental values and principles because others who believe in unethical are legal according to the rules of the Earth, and on the contrary.
Thus, creating a fine line between ethics and law is sometimes so thin that it can not be isolated from the other so that some consider it unrelated. But in different circumstances, the line is clear with all its values and principles.
According to the Collins Dictionary, ethics is a belief that some behaviors are true and acceptable and the other behavior is wrong. Widely, there is a system of principles and values of people’s behavior, which is generally accepted by a certain group of society or people.
If someone eats meat in that place, where the majority ends due to their beliefs and principles, then it is considered immoral. Another example is that if you have sex before marriage, in a society where marriage is prohibited before sex, it is also unethical.
By applying such restrictions, we are responsible for the punishment, is there any basis for punishing those who have violated the norms set by society. To be fair, these are the principles that guided our society even before the birth of our ancestors and served as a backyard for generations.
According to Wikipedia, the law is a system of rules that are created and implemented through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior, in the long run, a system which is the commitment of individuals or society to the state’s will Controls and ensures.
Thus, if one of them participates in an illegal protest, regardless of the validity of the reasons or their beliefs and instinctual principles, for example, to provoke a more democratic place in a country. They will face the full power of the law as provided in the Constitution and has been implemented by the respective institutions.
But if someone takes meat in a society where it is forbidden, then one person will be wrong according to society, but it is legally correct or marriage is before, and the situation will remain the same.
In some cases, which is morally illegal in the society, it can be illegal, for example, in Muslim societies who practice extramarital or non-married matters, not only a sin but also illegal with punishment That is in accordance with the Qur’an. In such societies, it is difficult to differentiate between law and ethics because the foundation of our ethics forms the basis of the laws governed and implemented by institutions.
Some people have argued that the laws which have been passed, most of them are already guided by our ethical values. this is true. For example, what is considered to be wrong in society, for example, can be publicized and changed to a law that, when violated, such conduct is prohibited.
In such a scenario, there is no line to differentiate between law and ethics because they are interconnected and act as a basis in the composition of each other. Good examples are the countries of an official religion, for example, Islamic countries like Iran and Pakistan, where Islamic law based on the Quran is the basis of laws enacted by the government.
But in the modern democratic western countries, there is a clear line between law and ethics and being independent of each other. For example, abortion is prohibited in many societies and laws which prohibit it. In the West, there is a precedence in the rationality of the law and the mother has the right to maintain or end a pregnancy. Thus focusing on the individual rights of collective discretion of society.
As the saying goes, the flesh of man is the poison of another man. In law and ethics, which is considered a moral error in society, it is the legal right in the other society and on the contrary. The fine line is that which prevents them from a collision with each other in terms of values and principles and ensures a balanced society guided by the rule of law.